Changes in health-related quality of life among African-Americans in a lifestyle weight loss program

Aluko A. Hope, Shiriki K. Kumanyika, Justine Shults, William C. Holmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose Changes in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) were assessed in clinically obese, African- American adults after completion of a weight loss program that resulted in modest average weight loss. Methods Data were analyzed for 87 men and women who provided weight measurements after an initial 10-week weight loss program (Phase 1) and a subsequent clinical trial to evaluate three weight maintenance approaches (Phase 2) over an additional 8 to 18 months. HRQoL was assessed using the Short Form SF-36 questionnaire. Intraperson changes in HRQoL were assessed and analyzed for associations with weight change within each phase. Nonparametric bivariable analyses and multivariable linear regression were used in statistical analyses. Results Changes in HRQoL were modest; clinically significant intra-subject improvements in SF-36 domains of general health and vitality and in the mental component summary score were observed after Phase 1 but were attenuated during Phase 2. Improvements in vitality were significantly associated with greater weight loss in Phase 1, but no HRQoL change scores during Phase 2 were associated with weight change. Conclusions Short-term improvements in general health and vitality were observed. The vitality domain of the SF-36 appeared to be the domain of HRQoL most responsive to modest weight change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1025-1033
Number of pages9
JournalQuality of Life Research
Volume19
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Weight Reduction Programs
African Americans
Life Style
Quality of Life
Weights and Measures
Weight Loss
Health
Linear Models
Maintenance
Clinical Trials

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • Ethnic groups
  • Health promotion
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Intervention studies
  • Obesity
  • Weight loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Changes in health-related quality of life among African-Americans in a lifestyle weight loss program. / Hope, Aluko A.; Kumanyika, Shiriki K.; Shults, Justine; Holmes, William C.

In: Quality of Life Research, Vol. 19, No. 7, 09.2010, p. 1025-1033.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hope, Aluko A. ; Kumanyika, Shiriki K. ; Shults, Justine ; Holmes, William C. / Changes in health-related quality of life among African-Americans in a lifestyle weight loss program. In: Quality of Life Research. 2010 ; Vol. 19, No. 7. pp. 1025-1033.
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