Cereal and Juice, Lead and Arsenic, Our Children at Risk: A Call for the FDA to Re-Evaluate the Allowable Limits of Lead and Arsenic That Children May Ingest

Lorenz S. Neuwirth, Ericka Cabañas, Patrick Cadet, Wei Zhu, Morri E. Markowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Eliminating heavy metal contamination of foods is a goal yet to be achieved in the U.S. In recent months, efforts have been underway to have the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) re-evaluate the permissible limits of lead (Pb) and arsenic (As) allowable in cereals and juices aimed for consumption by children. This report discusses the recent scientific literature that support proposed revisions in these limits. It presents proactive suggestions for the FDA to consider in its response to concerns of ongoing Pb and As exposures in food and drinks. While more scientific studies are needed to better define ‘safe’ levels of Pb and As exposures and ingestion of these elements in general are neurotoxic, the higher sensitivity of children to these toxic elements makes it imperative that the FDA adjust standards to be most protective of infants, toddlers, and children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5788
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume19
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2022

Keywords

  • arsenic poisoning (As)
  • children
  • Federal Drug Administration (FDA)
  • infants
  • juice
  • lead poisoning (Pb)
  • manufacturing safety guidelines
  • rice cereal
  • risk factors
  • toddlers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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