Cellular retinol-binding protein type III is a PPARγ target gene and plays a role in lipid metabolism

Cynthia F. Zizola, Gary J. Schwartz, Silke Vogel

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33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cellular retinol-binding protein (CRBP) type III (CRBP-III) belongs to the family of intracellular lipid-binding proteins, which includes the adipocyte-binding protein aP2. In the cytosol, CRBP-III binds retinol, the precursor of retinyl ester and the active metabolite retinoic acid. The goal of the present work is to understand the regulation of CRBP-III expression and its role in lipid metabolism. Using EMSAs, luciferase reporter assays, and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, we found that CRBP-III is a direct target of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ). Moreover, CRBP-III expression was induced in adipose tissue of mice after treatment with the PPARγ agonist rosiglitazone. To examine a potential role of CRBP-III in regulating lipid metabolism in vivo, CRBP-III-deficient (C-III-KO) mice were maintained on a high-fat diet (HFD). Hepatic steatosis was decreased in HFD-fed C-III-KO compared with HFD-fed wild-type mice. These differences were partly explained by decreased serum free fatty acid levels and decreased free fatty acid efflux from adipose tissue of C-III-KO mice. In addition, the lack of CRBP-III was associated with reduced food intake, increased respiratory energy ratio, and altered body composition, with decreased adiposity and increased lean body mass. Furthermore, expression of genes involved in mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation in brown adipose tissue was increased in C-III-KO mice, and C-III-KO mice were more cold tolerant than wild-type mice fed an HFD. In summary, we demonstrate that CRBP-III is a PPARγ target gene and plays a role in lipid and whole body energy metabolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume295
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2008

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Cellular Retinol-Binding Proteins
Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors
Lipid Metabolism
High Fat Diet
Genes
rosiglitazone
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Adipose Tissue
Carrier Proteins
Lipids
Brown Adipose Tissue
Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
Adiposity
Tretinoin
Body Composition
Luciferases
Vitamin A
Adipocytes
Cytosol
Energy Metabolism

Keywords

  • Adipose tissue
  • Brown adipose tissue
  • Fatty acid-binding protein
  • Intracellular lipid-binding protein
  • Lipolysis
  • Liver steatosis
  • Retinoid
  • Retinol-binding protein-7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

@article{c6a55789e2394667b34f661cf8d5cd2c,
title = "Cellular retinol-binding protein type III is a PPARγ target gene and plays a role in lipid metabolism",
abstract = "Cellular retinol-binding protein (CRBP) type III (CRBP-III) belongs to the family of intracellular lipid-binding proteins, which includes the adipocyte-binding protein aP2. In the cytosol, CRBP-III binds retinol, the precursor of retinyl ester and the active metabolite retinoic acid. The goal of the present work is to understand the regulation of CRBP-III expression and its role in lipid metabolism. Using EMSAs, luciferase reporter assays, and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, we found that CRBP-III is a direct target of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ). Moreover, CRBP-III expression was induced in adipose tissue of mice after treatment with the PPARγ agonist rosiglitazone. To examine a potential role of CRBP-III in regulating lipid metabolism in vivo, CRBP-III-deficient (C-III-KO) mice were maintained on a high-fat diet (HFD). Hepatic steatosis was decreased in HFD-fed C-III-KO compared with HFD-fed wild-type mice. These differences were partly explained by decreased serum free fatty acid levels and decreased free fatty acid efflux from adipose tissue of C-III-KO mice. In addition, the lack of CRBP-III was associated with reduced food intake, increased respiratory energy ratio, and altered body composition, with decreased adiposity and increased lean body mass. Furthermore, expression of genes involved in mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation in brown adipose tissue was increased in C-III-KO mice, and C-III-KO mice were more cold tolerant than wild-type mice fed an HFD. In summary, we demonstrate that CRBP-III is a PPARγ target gene and plays a role in lipid and whole body energy metabolism.",
keywords = "Adipose tissue, Brown adipose tissue, Fatty acid-binding protein, Intracellular lipid-binding protein, Lipolysis, Liver steatosis, Retinoid, Retinol-binding protein-7",
author = "Zizola, {Cynthia F.} and Schwartz, {Gary J.} and Silke Vogel",
year = "2008",
month = "12",
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language = "English (US)",
volume = "295",
journal = "American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Cellular retinol-binding protein type III is a PPARγ target gene and plays a role in lipid metabolism

AU - Zizola, Cynthia F.

AU - Schwartz, Gary J.

AU - Vogel, Silke

PY - 2008/12

Y1 - 2008/12

N2 - Cellular retinol-binding protein (CRBP) type III (CRBP-III) belongs to the family of intracellular lipid-binding proteins, which includes the adipocyte-binding protein aP2. In the cytosol, CRBP-III binds retinol, the precursor of retinyl ester and the active metabolite retinoic acid. The goal of the present work is to understand the regulation of CRBP-III expression and its role in lipid metabolism. Using EMSAs, luciferase reporter assays, and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, we found that CRBP-III is a direct target of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ). Moreover, CRBP-III expression was induced in adipose tissue of mice after treatment with the PPARγ agonist rosiglitazone. To examine a potential role of CRBP-III in regulating lipid metabolism in vivo, CRBP-III-deficient (C-III-KO) mice were maintained on a high-fat diet (HFD). Hepatic steatosis was decreased in HFD-fed C-III-KO compared with HFD-fed wild-type mice. These differences were partly explained by decreased serum free fatty acid levels and decreased free fatty acid efflux from adipose tissue of C-III-KO mice. In addition, the lack of CRBP-III was associated with reduced food intake, increased respiratory energy ratio, and altered body composition, with decreased adiposity and increased lean body mass. Furthermore, expression of genes involved in mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation in brown adipose tissue was increased in C-III-KO mice, and C-III-KO mice were more cold tolerant than wild-type mice fed an HFD. In summary, we demonstrate that CRBP-III is a PPARγ target gene and plays a role in lipid and whole body energy metabolism.

AB - Cellular retinol-binding protein (CRBP) type III (CRBP-III) belongs to the family of intracellular lipid-binding proteins, which includes the adipocyte-binding protein aP2. In the cytosol, CRBP-III binds retinol, the precursor of retinyl ester and the active metabolite retinoic acid. The goal of the present work is to understand the regulation of CRBP-III expression and its role in lipid metabolism. Using EMSAs, luciferase reporter assays, and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, we found that CRBP-III is a direct target of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ). Moreover, CRBP-III expression was induced in adipose tissue of mice after treatment with the PPARγ agonist rosiglitazone. To examine a potential role of CRBP-III in regulating lipid metabolism in vivo, CRBP-III-deficient (C-III-KO) mice were maintained on a high-fat diet (HFD). Hepatic steatosis was decreased in HFD-fed C-III-KO compared with HFD-fed wild-type mice. These differences were partly explained by decreased serum free fatty acid levels and decreased free fatty acid efflux from adipose tissue of C-III-KO mice. In addition, the lack of CRBP-III was associated with reduced food intake, increased respiratory energy ratio, and altered body composition, with decreased adiposity and increased lean body mass. Furthermore, expression of genes involved in mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation in brown adipose tissue was increased in C-III-KO mice, and C-III-KO mice were more cold tolerant than wild-type mice fed an HFD. In summary, we demonstrate that CRBP-III is a PPARγ target gene and plays a role in lipid and whole body energy metabolism.

KW - Adipose tissue

KW - Brown adipose tissue

KW - Fatty acid-binding protein

KW - Intracellular lipid-binding protein

KW - Lipolysis

KW - Liver steatosis

KW - Retinoid

KW - Retinol-binding protein-7

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U2 - 10.1152/ajpendo.90464.2008

DO - 10.1152/ajpendo.90464.2008

M3 - Article

C2 - 18840764

AN - SCOPUS:57349170893

VL - 295

JO - American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology

JF - American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology

SN - 1931-857X

IS - 6

ER -