B cells from C3H/HeJ mice fail to respond to an endotoxin (LPS K235) which is mitogenic for normal mice including the closely related C3H/HeN strain. The cellular basis for this unresponsive state was investigated. The C3H/HeJ mice have normal numbers of B cells, which are capable of normal responses to other B cell mitogens, such as polyinosinic acid (Poly I). Addition of normal macrophages or spleen cells fails to reconstitute the normal response. Furthermore, neither macrophage nor spleen cells from the C3H/HeJ strain suppress the normal C3H/HeN spleen cells. Finally, spleen cells enriched for B cells by the removal of macrophages or T cells demonstrate the same differences in responsiveness to LPS. These results indicate that LPS unresponsiveness is a defect of the B cell itself and not due to suppressor cells or the absence of helper cells. When LPS is added to Poly I stimulated cultures, there is additional enhancement of the response of normal C3H/HeN spleen cells. However, LPS causes a dose dependent suppression of the Poly I response of C3H/HeJ spleen cells. This suppression is dependent on the time of addition of LPS to the Poly I stimulated cultures. These data are interpreted as indicating that the binding of LPS to the membrane of C3H/HeJ B cells results in their inactivation or suppression, and that this is the basis of LPS unresponsiveness in this mouse strain.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 1976|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy