CD8 expression up to the double-positive CD3low/intermediate stage of thymic differentiation is sufficient for development of peripheral functional cytotoxic T lymphocytes

X. L. Zhang, S. Zhao, S. H. Borenstein, Y. Liu, B. Jayabalasingham, J. W. Chamberlain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Control of CD8α transcription during development of α/β T cell receptor (TCR) T lymphocytes is mediated by at least two distinct stage-specific cis-acting transcriptional mechanisms (i.e., enhancers). On the CD8α-/-knockout (KO) background, cis-mechanism I and cismechanism II together mediate appropriate stage- and sublineage-specific transgenic (Tg) CD8α expression and "rescue" development of peripheral CD8+ single-positive (SP) cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). In contrast, on the wild-type (WT)/CD8+/+ or CD8α-/-KO backgrounds, a CD8α Tg directed by cis-mechanism I alone is activated during the double negative [DN] to double positive [DP] transition and expressed up to the CD3low/intermediate DP stage but not in more mature DP or SP thymocytes or peripheral T cells. As loss of cis mechanism I activity occurs around the onset of positive selection, it is possible that events associated with TCR/major histocompatibility complex (MHC) interactions and selection are involved in initiating these changes in CD8α transcription. To examine this issue, phenotypic and functional studies were performed for thymocytes and T cells of CD8α-/-KO mice that expressed a CD8α Tg under control of cis-mechanism I only. Despite loss of CD8α expression at the DP CD3low/intermediate stage, increased populations of mature CD3hiCD4-CD8- thymocytes and CD3+CD4-CD8- peripheral T cells were detected. By several criteria, including MHC class I-restricted antigen recognition, these cells have at least partially undergone positive and negative selection. Therefore, initiation of selection and sublineage commitment are determined before loss of cis-mechanism I-mediated control of CD8α transcription. Further, CD8 expression beyond the CD3low/intermediate DP thymic stage is not essential for CTL development in vivo or function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)685-693
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Volume194
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 3 2001
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • CD8
  • Gene expression
  • Stage-specific regulation
  • Sublineage commitment
  • Thymic selection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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