CD40 is a 45- to 50-kDa transmembrane glycoprotein that plays an important role in B cell proliferation, survival, memory, and Ig isotype switching. How CD40 engagement couples to these distal events in B cell activation remains poorly understood. In this study, we have examined signal transduction events mediated by CD40 cross-linking in resting murine splenic B cells. In comparison to signaling via the B cell Ag receptor (BCR), CD40 cross-linking was less effective at activating protein tyrosine kinases. Interestingly, however, CD40 engagement resulted in the phosphorylation of both extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) and the Ras guanine nucleotide exchange factor, Son of sevenless. In addition, both ERK and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase activities were increased after both CD40 and BCR ligation. Overnight treatment of cells with phorbol ester as well as pharmacologic inhibitors of protein kinase C abrogated these signaling events after BCR treatment; however, no effect was seen on CD40-mediated activation of ERK or c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase, suggesting that the BCR and CD40 differentially utilize protein kinase C to couple with these signaling pathways.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 15 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy