Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) are the most potent producer of type I interferon (IFN), but how pDC is primed in vivo is poorly defined. Using a mouse model of severe malaria, we have previously established that upon priming by CD169+ macrophages (MPs), pDC initiates type I IFN-I secretion in the bone marrow (BM) of infected mice via cell-intrinsic TLR7 sensing and cell-extrinsic STING sensing. Herein we show that CD169+ MP and TLR7 sensing are both required for pDC arrest during priming, suggesting CD169+ MP are the source of TLR7 ligands. We establish that TLR7 sensing in pDC and chemotaxis are both required for pDC arrest and functional communica-tion with CD169+ MP in the BM. Lastly, we demonstrate that STING sensing in CD169+ MP control pDC initiation of type I IFN production while also regulating pDC clustering and retention/egress from the BM. Collectively, these results link pDC acquisition of type I IFN-secreting capacity with changes in their motility, homing and interactions with CD169+ MP during infection. Thus, targeting this cellular interaction may help modulate type I IFN to improve outcomes of microbial infections and autoimmune diseases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)