We report the results of a prospective study of catheter-related sepsis (CRS) in 154 gastroenterology paediatric patients treated for medical (n = 102) or surgical (n = 52) disorders. Over 2 years, 185 central venous catheters (CVC) were placed, including 155 Broviac and 30 Jonathan Shaw CVC. CVC remained in place 13,331 days (6,539 days of cyclic parenteral nutrition), with a mean catheter life of 72 days. Forty-eight episodes of CRS occurred, most of them due to coagulase-negative staphylococci (n = 29) and Staphylococcus aureus (n = 17). CRS rate was 0.26, with an overall incidence of 1 infection per 278 days of parenteral nutrition (PN). Factors significantly associated with CRS were: age 1-5 years (p < 0.01), a medical indication for treatment (p < 0.001) and summer months of PN (p < 0.01). Interestingly, CRS occurred predominantly (65%) within the first 2 months following CVC placement and the risk of infection correlated with local haemorrhage at the time of insertion (p < 0.01). Appropriate systemic therapy, without removing the catheter, permitted resolution of 90.9% ( 40 44) of all CRS and 100% ( 28 28) of CRS due to coagulase-negative staphylococci.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine