Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5 (eIF5) interacts with the 40S initiation complex (40S-eIF3-mRNA-Met-tRNAf-eIF2-GTP) to promote the hydrolysis of ribosome-bound GTP. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, eIF5 is encoded by a single-copy essential gene, TIF5, that is required for cell growth and viability. In this work, we show that eIF5 immunoprecipitated from cell-free extracts of 32P-labelled yeast cells is phosphorylated on multiple serine residues. Phosphopeptide mapping reveals four major sites of phosphorylation that appear to be identical to recombinant yeast eIF5 sites phosphorylated in vitro by casein kinase II. Furthermore, analysis of eIF5 isolated from a yeast strain having a conditional mutant of casein kinase II indicates that phosphorylation of eIF5 is completely abolished at the non-permissive temperature. Additionally, haploid yeast strains were constructed to contain Ser-to-Ala mutations at the five casein kinase II consensus sequences in eIF5; in these cells, eIF5 phosphorylation was absent. Surprisingly, substitution of the TIF5 gene mutated at these sites for the wild-type gene had no obvious effect on cell growth under normal growth conditions. The implications of these results in eIF5 function are discussed.
- Casein kinase II
- Eukaryotic protein synthesis
- Protein phosphorylation
- Saccharomyces cerevisiae
- Translation initiation factor 5
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology