Carotid web prevalence in a large hospital-based cohort and its association with ischemic stroke

Janet Mei, Duan Chen, Charles Esenwa, Menachem Gold, Judah Burns, Richard Zampolin, Shira E. Slasky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Carotid artery webs are shelf-like protrusions of intimal fibrous tissue arising from the posterior wall of the carotid bulb, found to have a 2.3% prevalence in the United States. Previous studies have demonstrated its association with ipsilateral anterior circulation stroke. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of carotid webs in the largest US epidemiologic study to date, and to further characterize the clinical features of carotid web patients. We assembled a cohort of 1467 adult patients with CT angiogram neck from January 1, 2011 to January 1, 2017. CT angiograms were reviewed for diagnosis of carotid web. Demographic and clinical details of web patients were obtained. Differences in demographics and CT angiogram indication between patients with and without carotid web were assessed using appropriate statistical tests. Twenty-four (24/1467 = 1.6%) carotid web patients were identified (mean age: 63 years; 62.5% female; 50% African American). Twelve (12/24 = 50%) had ipsilateral anterior circulation stroke. Of them, 8 were deemed cryptogenic. Four (4/24 = 16.7%) web patients had at least one recurrent stroke in the ipsilateral anterior circulation. One case was reported on the radiology report at the time the study was initially performed. This study confirms a prevalence of 1.6% in our urban, North American cohort. Among carotid web patients, there was a high incidence of ipsilateral anterior circulation stroke, the majority of which were classified as cryptogenic. This study affirms the importance of the diagnosis of carotid web, especially in cryptogenic stroke patients, as a potential unrecognized stroke risk factor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)867-871
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Anatomy
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CT angiography
  • carotid web
  • ischemic stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

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