Cardiac Transplantation Using Hearts With Transient Dysfunction: Role of Takotsubo-Like Phenotype

Shivank Madan, Daniel B. Sims, Peter Vlismas, Snehal R. Patel, Omar Saeed, Sandhya Murthy, Stephen Forest, William Jakobleff, Jooyoung Julia Shin, Daniel J. Goldstein, Ulrich P. Jorde

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Abstract

Background: The impact of different types of regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMAs), including the Takotsubo syndrome–like (TTS-like) phenotype, on posttransplant outcomes when using donor hearts with transient left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) is unknown. We evaluated the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and prognostic association of different RWMAs including TTS-like hypokinesis and posttransplant outcomes when using donor hearts with transient LVSD. Methods: From all adult (≥18 years) heart transplants in United Network of Organ Sharing between January 2007 and September 2015, we identified 472 donor hearts with improving or transient LVSD, defined as left ventricular ejection fraction ≤ 40% on initial transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) that improved to ≥50% on follow-up TTE during donor evaluation. These improved LVSD donors were then subdivided into 3 groups based on RWMAs on the initial TTE, TTS-like (49, 10.38%), non-TTS RWMAs (74, 15.68%), and diffuse global hypokinesis (349, 73.94%), and compared for baseline characteristics and posttransplant outcomes with follow up until June 2018. Results: Donors with TTS-like LVSD were older and more likely to be female. The type of RWMA on initial TTE (including TTS-like) of transient LVSD donor hearts was not associated with 1-year or 5-year posttransplant mortality. Posttransplant functional status scores of recipients (at 1 year) and donor left ventricular ejection fraction (at median follow-up of 3.6 years) improved in all 3 subgroups. Rates of stroke or pacemaker predischarge were also similar. Conclusions: In the largest analysis of transplanted donor hearts with transient LVSD, 1 in 4 had RWMAs on the initial TTE, but this was not associated with adverse posttransplant outcomes. Donor hearts with initial LVSD should be pursued irrespective of TTS-like hypokinesis or other RWMAs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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