Carboxypeptidase D is a potential candidate to carry out redundant processing functions of carboxypeptidase E based on comparative distribution studies in the rat central nervous system

W. Dong, L. D. Fricker, R. Day

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Post-translational processing is essential for the biological activation of many proteins and peptides. After precursor cleavage at specific single residues or pairs of basic residues by the proprotein convertases, the C- terminal basic residues are removed. Carboxypeptidase E was thought to be the only enzyme responsible. Recent studies with carboxypeptidase E-deficient mice, Cpe(fat)/Cpe(fat), indicated the existence of carboxypeptidase E-like carboxypeptidases, such as carboxypeptidase D. In order to define potential redundant functions in vivo, we compared the distributions of both carboxypeptidases in the rat central nervous system and selected endocrine tissues. Carboxypeptidase D messenger RNA was abundantly expressed in glial cells in the gray and white matter, while neurons in several brain regions, such as the piriform cortex, basolateral amygdala and hippocampus, also expressed high levels of carboxypeptidase D messenger RNA. Co-localization of carboxypeptidases E and D messenger RNAs was observed in many brain regions, the spinal cord and endocrine tissues. Immunohistochemistry showed the intracellular distribution of carboxypeptidase D with a perinuclear pattern. The extensive distribution of carboxypeptidase D in both glial and neuronal cells indicates the important role of carboxypeptidase D in peptide processing, possibly working together with furin, a ubiquitously expressed proprotein convertase. The co-localization of carboxypeptidases D and E suggests that carboxypeptidase D may, at least partially, compensate for carboxypeptidase E processing functions in Cper(fat)/Cpe(fat) mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1301-1317
Number of pages17
JournalNeuroscience
Volume89
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 17 1999

Keywords

  • Central nervous system
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • In situ hybridization
  • Neuropeptides
  • Processing
  • Proprotein convertase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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