Can magnetically controlled growing rods be successfully salvaged after deep surgical site infection?

Pediatric Spine Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose is to compare the rate of recurrent deep wound infection in patients who retained MCGRs versus those who underwent implant removal and exchange following index deep wound infection. Methods: Using a multicenter registry, we identified patients with EOS who underwent surgical correction with MCGR. We defined deep SSI as any infection that required subsequent I&D and antibiotic therapy. Recurrent infection was defined as any additional deep SSI following treatment of index deep infection. We considered MCGR to be salvaged if implant exchange or removal was not performed for at least 1 year following date of infection. Bivariate statistical analyses were performed. Results: 992 EOS patients were identified, of whom 33 (3.3%) developed deep SSI. The mean time between initial surgery and first deep SSI was 13.1 months (Interquartile range [IQR]: 1 to 25 months. Infection rates by EOS diagnosis were as follows: 13/354 patients (3.6%) had neuromuscular scoliosis (NMS), 9/225 (4.0%) syndromic, 6/248 (2.4%) idiopathic, 3/135 congenital (2.2%), and 2/30 (6.6%) unknown etiology. MCGR was salvaged in 69% of NMS patients, 77% of syndromic patients, 100% of congenital patients, and 83% of idiopathic patients (83%). There were only four recurrent infections (2/13 NMS, 2/9 syndromic) and no differences in rates of recurrent infection between salvaged or replaced/exchanged MCGR. (p = 0.97). Conclusion: Deep wound infection occurred in 3% of MCGR patients at a mean of 13.1 months. There were no significant differences in rates of recurrent infection between salvaged implants and those removed or exchanged.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSpine deformity
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Deep wound infection
  • Early-onset scoliosis
  • Magnetically controlled growing rods
  • Recurrent infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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