Calibrating vision: Concepts and questions

Jenny M. Bosten, Ruben Coen-Cagli, Anna Franklin, Samuel G. Solomon, Michael A. Webster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The idea that visual coding and perception are shaped by experience and adjust to changes in the environment or the observer is universally recognized as a cornerstone of visual processing, yet the functions and processes mediating these calibrations remain in many ways poorly understood. In this article we review a number of facets and issues surrounding the general notion of calibration, with a focus on plasticity within the encoding and representational stages of visual processing. These include how many types of calibrations there are – and how we decide; how plasticity for encoding is intertwined with other principles of sensory coding; how it is instantiated at the level of the dynamic networks mediating vision; how it varies with development or between individuals; and the factors that may limit the form or degree of the adjustments. Our goal is to give a small glimpse of an enormous and fundamental dimension of vision, and to point to some of the unresolved questions in our understanding of how and why ongoing calibrations are a pervasive and essential element of vision.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108131
JournalVision Research
Volume201
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Calibration
  • Compensation
  • Development
  • Plasticity
  • Visual coding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

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