BACKGROUND: Young women aged 15-24 years are disproportionately affected by the HIV epidemic. Two phase III trials of a vaginal ring containing 25-mg dapivirine demonstrated HIV-1 risk reduction in adult women older than 21 years but not in those aged 18-21 years. Lack of protection was correlated with low adherence. METHODS: In this phase-IIa, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, US, multicenter trial of the dapivirine ring in sexually active females, aged 15-17 years, participants were randomized 3:1 to a dapivirine or placebo ring to be inserted monthly for 6 months (NCT02028338). Primary safety end points included grade 2 product related adverse events and any grade 3 and higher adverse events. Adherence to ring use was assessed by plasma dapivirine concentrations, residual levels in used rings, and self-report. A plasma dapivirine concentration of >95 pg/mL was used to define short-term adherence; a residual ring level of <23.5 mg was used to define long-term adherence. Acceptability was assessed through computer-assisted self-interviews. RESULTS: Ninety-six participants were enrolled across 6 US sites. The median age was 16.0 years. There were no differences in safety outcomes between treatment arms. Adherence to the dapivirine ring was demonstrated by both plasma measurements (87%) and residual drug levels in rings (95%). Forty-two percent (95% confidence interval: 32 to 52) of participants reported that they never removed the ring. Participants noted no discomfort due to the ring at 87% of visits and "liking" the ring at 93% of visits. CONCLUSION: The dapivirine vaginal ring, a promising topical microbicide, was well tolerated and acceptable in young US adolescents.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2020|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases
- Pharmacology (medical)