Bridging to lung transplantation with double-lumen venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Roh Yanagida, Harish Seethamraju, Daniel L. Davenport, Thomas A. Tribble, Joseph B. Zwischenberger, Charles W. Hoopes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Double-lumen venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation may be used as a bridge to lung transplantation. Predictors of outcome with this strategy have not been well described. Methods: All patients with irreversible lung disease who developed acute pulmonary failure and required double-lumen venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as a bridge to decision or lung transplant at our institution were included in this study. Survival of the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation patients was compared with listed patients who did not require extracorporeal membrane oxygenation with lung allocation score in the highest 10% for the same period. Results: Fifteen patients (46 ± 17 years old) received double-lumen venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation cannula. Mean length of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support was 18.2 (1–60) days. Of these, seven patients were bridged to lung transplant, six died on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and two weaned to recovery. Amount of red blood cell transfusion was significantly higher (3.3 vs 18.5 U, p = 0.003) and lowest oxygen saturation was significantly lower in non-survivors (84.5% vs 66.3%, p = 0.002). Of the seven patients who were already listed for lung transplant at the onset of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, five were transplanted. Overall survival to hospital discharge was 60%. Survival of patients with lung allocation score in the highest 10% (average lung allocation score 83.4) in the same period was 80%. Conclusion: Double-lumen venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation cannula is a feasible option to bridge patients to decision or lung transplantation. Blood transfusion requirement and low oxygen saturation are markers of poor prognosis. Listing status at the time of cannulation and ambulation during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support may be important indicators of good outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)621-627
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Organs
Volume42
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • artificial lung & respiratory support
  • critical care
  • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
  • irreversible lung disease
  • lung transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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