Brain neurochemical and hemodynamic findings in the NY1DD mouse model of mild sickle cell disease

Min-Hui Cui, Sandra M. Suzuka, Nicholas A. Branch, Kamalakar Ambadipudi, Sangeetha Thangaswamy, Seetharama A. Acharya, Henny H. Billett, Craig A. Branch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

To characterize the cerebral profile associated with sickle cell disease (SCD), we used in vivo proton MRI and MRS to quantify hemodynamics and neurochemicals in the thalamus of NY1DD mice, a mild model of SCD, and compared them with wild-type (WT) control mice. Compared with WT mice, NY1DD mice at steady state had elevated cerebral blood flow (CBF) and concentrations of N-acetylaspartate (NAA), glutamate (Glu), alanine, total creatine and N-acetylaspartylglutamate. Concentrations of glutathione (GSH) at steady state showed a negative correlation with BOLD signal change in response to 100% oxygen, a marker for oxidative stress, and mean diffusivity assessed using diffusion-tensor imaging, a marker for edematous inflammation. In NY1DD mice, elevated basal CBF was correlated negatively with [NAA], but positively with concentration of glutamine ([Gln]). Immediately after experimental hypoxia (at reoxygenation after 18 hours of 8% O2), concentrations of NAA, Glu, GSH, Gln and taurine (Tau) increased only in NY1DD mice. [NAA], [Glu], [GSH] and [Tau] all returned to baseline levels two weeks after the hypoxic episode. The altered neurochemical profile in the NY1DD mouse model of SCD at steady state and following experimental hypoxia/reoxygenation suggests a state of chronic oxidative stress leading to compensatory cerebral metabolic adjustments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNMR in Biomedicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Keywords

  • Cerebral blood flow
  • Glutamate
  • Glutathione
  • Hypoxia
  • Mice
  • NAA
  • Oxidative stress
  • Sickle cell disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Spectroscopy

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