Bone mineral density and long-term progression of aortic valve and mitral annular calcification: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

Daniele Massera, Petra Buzkova, Anna E. Bortnick, David S. Owens, Song Shou Mao, Dong Li, Ian H. De Boer, Bryan R. Kestenbaum, Matthew J. Budoff, Jorge Kizer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and aims: Bone and mineral metabolism has been implicated in the pathophysiology of cardiac valve calcification. Whether bone demineralization, a common aging-related disorder, promotes calcific valve disease remains uncertain. We tested the hypothesis that low bone mineral density (BMD) is associated with greater incidence/progression of cardiac valve calcification in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Methods: Using linear mixed-effects models, we related baseline measurement of BMD of the thoracic vertebrae by computed tomography (CT) in 6768 participants to serial CT assessments of aortic valve calcification (AVC) and mitral annular calcification (MAC) obtained over a >10-year period. Results: After multivariable adjustment, lower BMD (per SD decrement) was associated with accelerated increase in AVC over time in women (0.76 [95% CI 0.42,1.09] Agatston -units [AU]/year) and men (1.41 [95% CI 0.48,2.33] AU/year), as well as for MAC in women (3.22 [95% CI 1.16,5.28] AU/year) and men (3.59 [95% CI 2.09,5.09] AU/year). Significant effect modification was observed, with more pronounced BMD-related acceleration of AVC and MAC progression in older or white participants of one or both sexes, as well as by estimated glomerular filtration rate, though the latter differed by sex for AVC and MAC. Conclusions: In this multi-ethnic cohort, low thoracic BMD was significantly, but modestly, associated with increased AVC and MAC progression. This suggests that altered bone mineral metabolism does not have a major impact on calcific valve disease in the general population, but the possibility of a more meaningful influence in higher-risk individuals with osteoporosis will require further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-134
Number of pages9
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume335
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aortic valve calcification
  • Bone mineral density
  • Epidemiology
  • Mitral annular calcification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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