Blood lead levels in incinerator workers

Robert Malkin, Paul Brandt-Rauf, Joseph Graziano, Michael K. Parides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Questions have been raised concerning the safety of mass burn incineration and its role in solid waste management. In 1989, the New York City Office of Occupational Safety and Health examined air levels of metals in New York City incinerators and found that workers were exposed to air lead levels as high as 2500 μg/m3 while cleaning the electrostatic precipitators in the plant. In order to determine the biologic significance of these exposures to the workers, blood samples were taken from 56 incinerator workers and 25 controls and analyzed for lead and erythrocyte protoporphyrin levels. Incinerator workers were found to have a mean blood lead of 11.0 μg/dl as compared to the control group level of 7.4 μg/dl. Risk factors for increased blood lead levels were analyzed using multiple regression analyses. Wearing a personal protective device "always" or not and the interaction of smoking and cleaning the precipitator more than seven times in the past year were found to be significant predictors for blood lead. These results indicate that lead in municipal incinerator ash from electrostatic precipitators is bioavailable and that the effects of such exposure can be minimized by wearing personal protective devices, not smoking, and rotating the work force to minimize precipitator ash contact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-270
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume59
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Refuse incinerators
Ashes
Blood
blood
Protective Devices
Electrostatic precipitators
Occupational Health
smoking
Static Electricity
Cleaning
ash
Smoking
Air
Incineration
Waste Management
Solid Waste
Waste incineration
air
Solid wastes
Waste management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Blood lead levels in incinerator workers. / Malkin, Robert; Brandt-Rauf, Paul; Graziano, Joseph; Parides, Michael K.

In: Environmental Research, Vol. 59, No. 1, 01.01.1992, p. 265-270.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Malkin, Robert ; Brandt-Rauf, Paul ; Graziano, Joseph ; Parides, Michael K. / Blood lead levels in incinerator workers. In: Environmental Research. 1992 ; Vol. 59, No. 1. pp. 265-270.
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