Biomechanical and clinical performance of a new synthetic monofilament absorbable suture

George T. Rodeheaver, Kenneth A. Beltran, Colleen W. Green, Brent C. Faulkner, Brendon M. Stiles, Gerald W. Stanimir, Helge Traeland, Gerald M. Fried, Harvey C. Brown, Richard F. Edlich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

The clinical and mechanical performance of a new, monofilament, synthetic absorbable suture (Biosyn(TM)) was evaluated and compared to that of a braided synthetic absorbable suture (Vicryl(TM)). The monofilament synthetic absorbable suture was significantly stronger than the braided synthetic absorbable suture over the 4 weeks of implantation. In addition, the monofilament suture potentiated less bacterial infection than did the braided suture. The handling characteristics of the monofilament suture were superior to the braided suture because the monofilament suture required fewer throws to achieve knot security, encountered lower drag forces in fascia and colon, and had a greater double wrapped first-throw knot security. Evaluated independently in clinical settings, the monofilament sutures were found to have excellent strength, first-throw hold, knot security, passage through tissue, knot repositioning and case of handling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-198
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants
Volume6
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • braided
  • drag forces
  • infection
  • knots
  • monofilament
  • sutures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Dentistry(all)

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