Biology of pancreas and possible diseases

Gowru Srivani, Begum Dariya, Batoul Farran, Afroz Alam, Ganji Purnachandra Nagaraju

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Pancreas is one of the small, flattened organs in the gastrointestinal tract associated with dynamic functions. Most of the food is digested before entering into the other organs and then is converted into energy to regulate the metabolic systems. However, digestion mainly involves the hydrolysis of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, proteins, and fatty acids. Releasing enzymes and hormones, which are crucial for regulating the glucose homeostasis and energy production, is the main function of both the endocrine and exocrine pancreas. Disorders of the pancreas can affect the exocrine and endocrine functions, thus resulting in devastating diseases, such as acute and chronic pancreatitis, diabetes, and pancreatic cancer. The main predisposing factors for the development and progression of these disorders are still unclear; therefore, it is important to understand the mechanisms that regulate pancreas homeostasis. In this present chapter, we discuss the biology of the pancreas and its functions and the development of disorders and pathological conditions. We also examine how this accumulating knowledge is guiding the discovery of new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to cure or prevent disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationExploring Pancreatic Metabolism and Malignancy
PublisherSpringer Singapore
Pages1-25
Number of pages25
ISBN (Electronic)9789813293939
ISBN (Print)9789813293922
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diabetes and pancreatic cancer
  • Endocrine
  • Exocrine
  • Pancreas
  • Pancreatitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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