Biologic heterogeneity in Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute leukemia with myeloid morphology: The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group experience

E. Paietta, J. Racevskis, J. M. Bennett, D. Neuberg, P. A. Cassileth, J. M. Rowe, P. H. Wiernik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

Evaluable karyotypes were available in 776 of 1148 adult patients who were entered on acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treatment protocols of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group. Among these, we found seven patients (0.9%) with t(9;22)(q34;q11), the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome, in bone marrow metaphases. All fulfilled the FAB criteria for AML (three M0, two M1, two M2), although one patient presented with an additional, distinct lymphoid blast cell population. Chromosomal aberrations in addition to the Ph chromosome were seen in four patients (including two cases of monosomy 7). Molecular analysis by polymerase chain reaction in four patients tested revealed variable BCR/ABL transcript forms (ela2, b2a2, b3a2, b2a3+e1a2). By immunophenotyping, all seven patients were myeloid based on the overall antigen expression pattern. However, all but one demonstrated lymphoid associated antigens on the myeloid blast cells. The six evaluable patients failed to respond to treatment with a standard anthracycline/cytosine arabinoside-containing regimen. We conclude that the incidence of the Ph chromosome in AML is very low. Although both genotypically and phenotypically heterogenous, Ph chromosome-positive AML, represents a clinically distinct entity with poor outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1881-1885
Number of pages5
JournalLeukemia
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

Keywords

  • Acute leukemia
  • FAB
  • Immunophenotype
  • Myeloid
  • Philadelphia chromosome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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