Biochemical markers of bone turnover and risk of incident diabetes in older women: The Cardiovascular Health Study

Daniele Massera, Mary L. Biggs, Marcella D. Walker, Kenneth J. Mukamal, Joachim H. Ix, Luc Djousse, Rodrigo J. Valderrábano, David S. Siscovick, Russell P. Tracy, Xiaonan Xue, Jorge R. Kizer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship of osteocalcin (OC), a marker of bone formation, and C-terminal cross-linked telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX), a marker of bone resorption, with incident diabetes in older women. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The analysis included 1, 455 female participants from the population-based Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) (mean [SD] age 74.6 [5.0] years). The crosssectional association of serum total OC and CTX levels with insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was examined using multiple linear regression. The longitudinal association of both markers with incident diabetes, defined by follow-up glucose measurements, medications, and ICD-9 codes, was examined using multivariable Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: OC and CTX were strongly correlated (r = 0.80). In cross-sectional analyses, significant or near-significant inverse associations with HOMA-IR were observed for continuous levels of OC (b = 20.12 per SD increment; P = 0.004) and CTX (b = 20.08 per SD; P = 0.051) after full adjustment for demographic, lifestyle, and clinical covariates. During a median follow-up of 11.5 years, 196 cases of incident diabetes occurred. After full adjustment, both biomarkers exhibited inverse associations with incident diabetes (OC: hazard ratio 0.85 per SD [95% CI 0.71-1.02; P = 0.075]; CTX: 0.82 per SD [0.69-0.98; P = 0.031]), associations that were comparable in magnitude and approached or achieved statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: In late postmenopausal women, lower OC and CTX levels were associated with similarly increased risks of insulin resistance at baseline and incident diabetes over long-term follow-up. Further research to delineate the mechanisms linking abnormal bone homeostasis and energy metabolism could uncover new approaches for the prevention of these age-related disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1901-1908
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes care
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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