Binding of DEAD-box helicase Dhh1 to the 5-untranslated region of ASH1 mRNA represses localized translation of ASH1 in yeast cells

Qianjun Zhang, Xiuhua Meng, Delin Li, Shaoyin Chen, Jianmin Luo, Linjie Zhu, Robert H. Singer, Wei Gu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Local translation of specific mRNAs is regulated by dynamic changes in their subcellular localization, and these changes are due to complex mechanisms controlling cytoplasmic mRNA transport. The budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is well suited to studying these mechanisms because many of its transcripts are transported from the mother cell to the budding daughter cell. Here, we investigated the translational control of ASH1 mRNA after transport and localization. We show that although ASH1 transcripts were translated after they reached the bud tip, some mRNAs were bound by the RNA-binding protein Puf6 and were non-polysomal. We also found that the DEAD-box helicase Dhh1 complexed with the untranslated ASH1 mRNA and Puf6. Loss of Dhh1 affected local translation of ASH1 mRNA and resulted in delocalization of ASH1 transcript in the bud. Forcibly shifting the non-polysomal ASH1 mRNA into polysomes was associated with Dhh1 dissociation. We further demonstrated that Dhh1 is not recruited to ASH1 mRNA co-transcriptionally, suggesting that it could bind to ASH1 mRNA within the cytoplasm. Of note, Dhh1 bound to the 5-UTR of ASH1 mRNA and inhibited its translation in vitro. These results suggest that after localization to the bud tip, a portion of the localized ASH1 mRNA becomes translationally inactive because of binding of Dhh1 and Puf6 to the 5- and 3-UTRs of ASH1 mRNA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9787-9800
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume292
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

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