Better-quality diet is associated with lower odds of severe periodontitis in US Hispanics/Latinos

Christian R. Salazar, Nadia Laniado, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Luisa N. Borrell, Qibin Qi, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Douglas E. Morse, Richard H. Singer, Robert C. Kaplan, Victor Badner, Ira B. Lamster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: We investigated the cross-sectional association between diet quality and severe periodontitis in a sample of diverse Hispanics from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Materials and methods: A total of 13,920 Hispanic/Latinos aged 18–74 years of different heritages underwent a full-mouth oral examination and completed two 24-hr dietary recalls during 2008–2011. Severe periodontitis was defined as having ≥30% tooth sites with clinical attachment loss ≥5 mm. Diet quality was assessed using the Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI-2010). We evaluated the association of diet quality with severe periodontitis adjusting for age, sex, nativity status, income, education, last dental visit, current insurance, cigarette smoking, diabetes, and energy intake. Results: Relative to those at the lowest quartile of diet quality, individuals at the highest quartile had significantly lower odds of severe periodontitis (adjusted OR = 0.57, 95% CI: 0.39–0.82), with evidence of a dose–response relationship across AHEI quartiles. Among AHEI-2010 components, higher consumption of whole grains and fruits, and lower consumption of red/processed meats were associated with lower odds of severe periodontitis. Conclusion: Better-quality diet was associated with lower prevalence of severe periodontitis although the causal pathways need to be clarified in future work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)780-790
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume45
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2018

Keywords

  • diet quality
  • hispanics
  • latinos
  • periodontal disease
  • periodontal inflammation
  • periodontitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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    Salazar, C. R., Laniado, N., Mossavar-Rahmani, Y., Borrell, L. N., Qi, Q., Sotres-Alvarez, D., Morse, D. E., Singer, R. H., Kaplan, R. C., Badner, V., & Lamster, I. B. (2018). Better-quality diet is associated with lower odds of severe periodontitis in US Hispanics/Latinos. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 45(7), 780-790. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.12926