Basics of pediatric electrocardiography and invasive electrophysiology: Principles of cardiac testing

Robert H. Pass, Scott R. Scott

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The pediatric electrocardiogram is the cornerstone of evaluation for all arrhythmia conditions and acute arrhythmia analysis and treatment. In the presence of an arrhythmia, additional modalities are available for capturing a paroxysmal rhythm disorder. The interpretation of the electrocardiogram is dependent on understanding the evolution of the electrocardiogram as the child ages. Electrocardiographic abnormalities that occur in children include Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, supraventricular tachycardia, complete heart block, junctional ectopic tachycardia, ventricular tachycardia, atrial flutter, atrial fibrillation, long QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, and myocardial ischemic changes in patients with anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. The indications for invasive intracardiac electrophysiology studies include the risk assessment of patients with ventricular or supraventricular tachycardia, the assessment of anti-arrhythmia drug efficacy, and the evaluation of unexplained syncope.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPediatric and Congenital Cardiology, Cardiac Surgery and Intensive Care
PublisherSpringer-Verlag London Ltd
Pages349-374
Number of pages26
ISBN (Print)9781447146193, 9781447146186
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014

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Keywords

  • ALCAPA
  • Anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery
  • Arrhythmias
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Atrial flutter
  • Atrial wire ECG
  • Brugada syndrome
  • Cardiac testing
  • Complete heart block
  • ECG
  • Electrocardiography
  • Event monitor
  • Holter monitor
  • Implantable loop monitor
  • Invasive electrophysiology
  • Junctional ectopic tachycardia
  • Long QT syndrome
  • Loop monitor
  • Myocardial ischemia
  • Paroxysmal rhythm disorder
  • Supraventricular tachycardia
  • Syncope
  • Telemetry
  • Ventricular tachycardia
  • Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Pass, R. H., & Scott, S. R. (2014). Basics of pediatric electrocardiography and invasive electrophysiology: Principles of cardiac testing. In Pediatric and Congenital Cardiology, Cardiac Surgery and Intensive Care (pp. 349-374). Springer-Verlag London Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-4619-3_221