Baseline Characteristics and Latino Versus Non-Latino Contrasts Among Bronx A1C Study Participants

Elizabeth A. Walker, Lynn D. Silver, Shadi Chamany, Clyde B. Schechter, Jeffrey S. Gonzalez, Jeidy Carrasco, Danielle Powell, Diana Berger, Charles E. Basch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe baseline demographic and psychosocial characteristics of low-income, diverse diabetes adults enrolled in a telephonic intervention trial. Environment for the study was New York City (NYC) A1C Registry program. Baseline data were analyzed from 941 participants randomized to either telephonic/print or print-only intervention to improve glycemic control. Summary statistics for key variables were calculated; we highlight baseline contrasts between Latino and non-Latino participants. There were high proportions of Latino (67.7%) and non-Latino Black (28.0%) participants from South Bronx. Mean age was 56.3 years, almost 70.0% were foreign born, and 55.8% preferred Spanish language. Mean A1C was 9.2% and mean body mass index (BMI) 32.1 kg/m2. There were significant contrasts between Latino and non-Latino participants for behavioral and psychosocial variables. This telephonic intervention study succeeded in randomizing a large number of low-income, diverse participants with poor diabetes control who are under-represented in studies. Latino versus non-Latino differences at baseline were striking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1030-1051
Number of pages22
JournalWestern Journal of Nursing Research
Volume36
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

Keywords

  • Latino
  • diabetes
  • self-management support
  • telephonic intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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