Background mutations and polymorphisms in lacZ-plasmid transgenic mice

Martijn E T Dollé, Wendy K. Snyder, Nathalie J. Van Orsouw, Jan Vijg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transgenic animal models harboring chromosomally integrated shuttle vectors with bacterial reporter genes are now widely used to measure in vivo mutant frequencies. The lacZ-plasmid transgenic mouse model has a unique sensitivity to large rearrangements compared to systems using bacteriophage lambda vectors, which mainly detect point mutations and small deletions or insertions. In this study, the background mutant frequencies and spectra in the lacZ-plasmid transgenic mouse model were investigated. While the majority of the recovered lacZ-mutants appeared to have originated in the mouse, a subset of mutants are likely to represent artifacts, and occur with a frequency of about 1.3 x 10-5, irrespective of the total mutant frequency. Galactose-insensitive host cells, due to gale back mutations or galK or gait forward mutations, grow through the positive selection system and cause a small subset of the background. When using HindIII to excise the plasmids from genomic DNA, the largest contribution to the background, (1.1 ± 0.3) x 10-5, appeared to be caused by star activity, i.e., cleavage at nucleotide sequences other than the HindIII restriction enzyme recognition sequence, during the recovery procedure. Finally, a total of 10 polymorphic sites in different copies of the lacZ-plasmid cluster in founder line 60 were discovered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)112-120
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
Volume34
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Polymorphism
plasmid
Transgenic Mice
mutation
polymorphism
Plasmids
Mutation
Bacteriophage lambda
Bacterial Genes
Genetic Vectors
Genetically Modified Animals
Bacteriophages
Galactose
Gait
Reporter Genes
Point Mutation
Artifacts
Stars
bacteriophage
Animals

Keywords

  • HindIII
  • lacZ
  • Plasmid
  • Polymorphism
  • Star activity
  • Transgenic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Background mutations and polymorphisms in lacZ-plasmid transgenic mice. / Dollé, Martijn E T; Snyder, Wendy K.; Van Orsouw, Nathalie J.; Vijg, Jan.

In: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis, Vol. 34, No. 2-3, 1999, p. 112-120.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dollé, Martijn E T ; Snyder, Wendy K. ; Van Orsouw, Nathalie J. ; Vijg, Jan. / Background mutations and polymorphisms in lacZ-plasmid transgenic mice. In: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis. 1999 ; Vol. 34, No. 2-3. pp. 112-120.
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