Awareness of Hepatitis C Virus Seropositivity and Chronic Infection in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

Mark H. Kuniholm, Molly Jung, Julia Del Amo, Gregory A. Talavera, Bharat Thyagarajan, Ronald C. Hershow, Oriana M. Damas, Robert C. Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Few population-based studies have assessed awareness of hepatitis C virus (HCV) seropositivity and chronic infection. We report awareness of HCV seropositivity and chronic infection and correlates of awareness in a multi-city (Bronx, Miami, Chicago, and San Diego) community-dwelling population sample of United States (US) Hispanics/Latinos recruited during 2008–2011. Included were 260 HCV-seropositive participants, among whom 190 had chronic HCV. Among those with chronic HCV, 46 % had been told by a doctor that they had liver disease and 32 % had been told that they had HCV-related liver disease. Among those with chronic HCV who also lacked health insurance (37 % of those with chronic HCV), only 8 % had been told that they had HCV-related liver disease. As compared with the uninsured, those with insurance were over five times more likely to be aware of having HCV-related liver disease (44 %). Sex, age, education, city of residence, and birthplace were not associated with HCV awareness. Less than half of Hispanics/Latinos were aware of their HCV chronic infection. Lack of health insurance may be an important barrier to HCV awareness in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1257-1265
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • Awareness
  • Hepatitis C virus
  • Hispanic
  • Latino
  • United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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