Autophagy and the hallmarks of aging

Susmita Kaushik, Inmaculada Tasset, Esperanza Arias, Olatz Pampliega, Esther Wong, Marta Martinez-Vicente, Ana Maria Cuervo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Autophagy, an essential cellular process that mediates degradation of proteins and organelles in lysosomes, has been tightly linked to cellular quality control for its role as part of the proteostasis network. The current interest in identifying the cellular and molecular determinants of aging, has highlighted the important contribution of malfunctioning of autophagy with age to the loss of proteostasis that characterizes all old organisms. However, the diversity of cellular functions of the different types of autophagy and the often reciprocal interactions of autophagy with other determinants of aging, is placing autophagy at the center of the aging process. In this work, we summarize evidence for the contribution of autophagy to health- and lifespan and provide examples of the bidirectional interplay between autophagic pathways and several of the so-called hallmarks of aging. This central role of autophagy in aging, and the dependence on autophagy of many geroprotective interventions, has motivated a search for direct modulators of autophagy that could be used to slow aging and extend healthspan. Here, we review some of those ongoing therapeutic efforts and comment on the potential of targeting autophagy in aging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101468
JournalAgeing Research Reviews
Volume72
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Chaperones
  • Lysosomes
  • Organelle turnover
  • Proteolysis
  • Proteostasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Aging
  • Molecular Biology
  • Neurology

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