Automatic and controlled processing of acoustic and phonetic contrasts

Elyse Sussman, Teija Kujala, Jaana Halmetoja, Heikki Lyytinen, Paavo Alku, Risto Näätänen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Changes in the temporal properties of the speech signal provide important cues for phoneme identification. An impairment or inability to detect such changes may adversely affect one's ability to understand spoken speech. The difference in meaning between the Finnish words tuli (fire) and tuuli (wind), for example, lies in the difference between the duration of the vowel /u/. Detecting changes in the temporal properties of the speech signal, therefore, is critical for distinguishing between phonemes and identifying words. In the current study, we tested whether detection of changes in speech sounds, in native Finnish speakers, would vary as a function of the position within the word that the informational changes occurred (beginning, middle, or end) by evaluating how length contrasts in segments of three-syllable Finnish pseudo-words and their acoustic correlates were discriminated. We recorded a combination of cortical components of event-related brain potentials (MMN, N2b, P3b) along with behavioral measures of the perception of the same sounds. It was found that speech sounds were not processed differently than non-speech sounds in the early stages of auditory processing indexed by MMN. Differences occurred only in later stages associated with controlled processes. The effects of position and attention on speech and non-speech stimuli are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)128-140
Number of pages13
JournalHearing Research
Volume190
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2004

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Event-related potentials
  • Mismatch negativity
  • N2b
  • P3b
  • Speech processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems

Cite this

Sussman, E., Kujala, T., Halmetoja, J., Lyytinen, H., Alku, P., & Näätänen, R. (2004). Automatic and controlled processing of acoustic and phonetic contrasts. Hearing Research, 190(1-2), 128-140. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-5955(04)00016-4