Auditory stream segregation in children with Asperger syndrome

T. Lepistö, A. Kuitunen, E. Sussman, S. Saalasti, E. Jansson-Verkasalo, T. Nieminen-von Wendt, T. Kujala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Individuals with Asperger syndrome (AS) often have difficulties in perceiving speech in noisy environments. The present study investigated whether this might be explained by deficient auditory stream segregation ability, that is, by a more basic difficulty in separating simultaneous sound sources from each other. To this end, auditory event-related brain potentials were recorded from a group of school-aged children with AS and a group of age-matched controls using a paradigm specifically developed for studying stream segregation. Differences in the amplitudes of ERP components were found between groups only in the stream segregation conditions and not for simple feature discrimination. The results indicated that children with AS have difficulties in segregating concurrent sound streams, which ultimately may contribute to the difficulties in speech-in-noise perception.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-307
Number of pages7
JournalBiological Psychology
Volume82
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009

Keywords

  • Asperger syndrome
  • Auditory
  • Event-related potentials
  • Mismatch negativity
  • Speech perception
  • Streaming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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  • Cite this

    Lepistö, T., Kuitunen, A., Sussman, E., Saalasti, S., Jansson-Verkasalo, E., Nieminen-von Wendt, T., & Kujala, T. (2009). Auditory stream segregation in children with Asperger syndrome. Biological Psychology, 82(3), 301-307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2009.09.004