Attenuation of leukocyte-endothelium interaction by antioxidant enzymes

Hong Yang, Ming Jian Shi, Arlan Richardson, Jan Vijg, Zhong Mao Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

This report assessed the effect of overexpressing Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) and/or catalase on the interaction of mononuclear cells (MNCs) and endothelial cells (ECs). ECs were obtained from the aorta of wild-type mice and transgenic mice overexpressing Cu,ZnSOD and/or catalase. MNCs were obtained from wild-type mice. Treatment of wild-type ECs with CuSO4-oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) significantly elevated the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and increased the adherence of MNCs. Overexpression of Cu,ZnSOD and/or catalase in ECs attenuated the adherence of MNCs and the expression of cell adhesion molecules induced by oxLDL. For example, ECs overexpressing Cu,ZnSOD and/or catalase showed significantly less expression of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 and less number of adherent MNCs than wild-type ECs. Moreover, ECs overexpressing Cu,ZnSOD and catalase in combination showed significantly less expression of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 and less number of adherent MNCs than those overexpressing either Cu,ZnSOD or catalase alone. These results suggest that combinational overexpression of Cu,ZnSOD and catalase can reduce the expression of cell adhesion molecules and inhibit the adherence of leukocyte to ECs more efficiently than overexpression of Cu,ZnSOD or catalase alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)266-276
Number of pages11
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Catalase
  • Endothelial cells
  • Free radicals
  • Leukocyte adhesion
  • Superoxide dismutase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

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