Atraumatic Osteonecrosis of the humeral head

Konrad I. Gruson, Young W. Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


While much literature has focused on the management of osteonecrosis of the femoral head, far less information is available regarding the treatment and outcomes of this disease in the proximal humerus. To a great extent, management of humeral head osteonecrosis has been inferred from studies involving the femoral head. The etiologies for this disease can be categorized most usefully as traumatic versus atraumatic. Regardless of the underlying etiology, the common pathway involves disruption of the arterial inflow or the venous outflow of the bone, with resultant osseous cell death. The general treatment strategies for humeral head osteonecrosis include nonoperative modalities for symptomatic early disease, with surgical intervention reserved for more advanced disease or those with recalcitrant pain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6-14
Number of pages9
JournalBulletin of the NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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