Associations of Sodium and Potassium with Obesity Measures Among Diverse US Hispanic/Latino Adults: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos

Tali Elfassy, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Linda Van Horn, Marc Gellman, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Neil Schneiderman, Martha Daviglus, Jeannette M. Beasley, Maria M. Llabre, Pamela A. Shaw, Guillermo Prado, Hermes Florez, Adina Zeki Al Hazzouri

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Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate cross-sectional associations of sodium and potassium with BMI, waist circumference (WC), and body fat and to determine whether the nativity and/or duration of United States (US) residence modified these associations. Methods: Sodium and potassium were derived from 24-hour diet recalls from 16,156 US participants of the 2008 to 2011 Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) and from 24-hour urine in 447 HCHS/SOL participants. BMI, WC, and body fat were measured. Results: Dietary sodium that was 500 mg/d higher was cross-sectionally associated with a 0.07-kg/m2 higher BMI (P < 0.05) and a 0.18-cm larger WC (P = 0.04). Dietary potassium that was 500 mg/d higher was only associated with lower BMI and smaller WC among those who were foreign-born with 10 + years in the US (−0.13 kg/m2, P < 0.01 and −0.36 cm, P = 0.01, respectively) and among those who were US-born (−0.62 kg/m2, P < 0.01 and −1.42 cm, P < 0.01, respectively). Urinary sodium that was 500 mg/d higher was associated with a 0.27-kg/m2 higher BMI (P < 0.01) and 0.54 kg more body fat (P < 0.01). Conclusions: Sodium intake was associated with higher BMI, WC, and body fat. Potassium intake was associated with lower BMI and smaller WC among US-born participants and participants with a longer duration of US residence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)442-450
Number of pages9
JournalObesity
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

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Waist Circumference
Hispanic Americans
Potassium
Obesity
Sodium
Adipose Tissue
Health
Dietary Potassium
Dietary Sodium
Urine
Diet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Associations of Sodium and Potassium with Obesity Measures Among Diverse US Hispanic/Latino Adults : Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. / Elfassy, Tali; Mossavar-Rahmani, Yasmin; Van Horn, Linda; Gellman, Marc; Sotres-Alvarez, Daniela; Schneiderman, Neil; Daviglus, Martha; Beasley, Jeannette M.; Llabre, Maria M.; Shaw, Pamela A.; Prado, Guillermo; Florez, Hermes; Zeki Al Hazzouri, Adina.

In: Obesity, Vol. 26, No. 2, 01.02.2018, p. 442-450.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Elfassy, T, Mossavar-Rahmani, Y, Van Horn, L, Gellman, M, Sotres-Alvarez, D, Schneiderman, N, Daviglus, M, Beasley, JM, Llabre, MM, Shaw, PA, Prado, G, Florez, H & Zeki Al Hazzouri, A 2018, 'Associations of Sodium and Potassium with Obesity Measures Among Diverse US Hispanic/Latino Adults: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos', Obesity, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 442-450. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.22089
Elfassy, Tali ; Mossavar-Rahmani, Yasmin ; Van Horn, Linda ; Gellman, Marc ; Sotres-Alvarez, Daniela ; Schneiderman, Neil ; Daviglus, Martha ; Beasley, Jeannette M. ; Llabre, Maria M. ; Shaw, Pamela A. ; Prado, Guillermo ; Florez, Hermes ; Zeki Al Hazzouri, Adina. / Associations of Sodium and Potassium with Obesity Measures Among Diverse US Hispanic/Latino Adults : Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. In: Obesity. 2018 ; Vol. 26, No. 2. pp. 442-450.
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abstract = "Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate cross-sectional associations of sodium and potassium with BMI, waist circumference (WC), and body fat and to determine whether the nativity and/or duration of United States (US) residence modified these associations. Methods: Sodium and potassium were derived from 24-hour diet recalls from 16,156 US participants of the 2008 to 2011 Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) and from 24-hour urine in 447 HCHS/SOL participants. BMI, WC, and body fat were measured. Results: Dietary sodium that was 500 mg/d higher was cross-sectionally associated with a 0.07-kg/m2 higher BMI (P < 0.05) and a 0.18-cm larger WC (P = 0.04). Dietary potassium that was 500 mg/d higher was only associated with lower BMI and smaller WC among those who were foreign-born with 10 + years in the US (−0.13 kg/m2, P < 0.01 and −0.36 cm, P = 0.01, respectively) and among those who were US-born (−0.62 kg/m2, P < 0.01 and −1.42 cm, P < 0.01, respectively). Urinary sodium that was 500 mg/d higher was associated with a 0.27-kg/m2 higher BMI (P < 0.01) and 0.54 kg more body fat (P < 0.01). Conclusions: Sodium intake was associated with higher BMI, WC, and body fat. Potassium intake was associated with lower BMI and smaller WC among US-born participants and participants with a longer duration of US residence.",
author = "Tali Elfassy and Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani and {Van Horn}, Linda and Marc Gellman and Daniela Sotres-Alvarez and Neil Schneiderman and Martha Daviglus and Beasley, {Jeannette M.} and Llabre, {Maria M.} and Shaw, {Pamela A.} and Guillermo Prado and Hermes Florez and {Zeki Al Hazzouri}, Adina",
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T2 - Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos

AU - Elfassy, Tali

AU - Mossavar-Rahmani, Yasmin

AU - Van Horn, Linda

AU - Gellman, Marc

AU - Sotres-Alvarez, Daniela

AU - Schneiderman, Neil

AU - Daviglus, Martha

AU - Beasley, Jeannette M.

AU - Llabre, Maria M.

AU - Shaw, Pamela A.

AU - Prado, Guillermo

AU - Florez, Hermes

AU - Zeki Al Hazzouri, Adina

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N2 - Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate cross-sectional associations of sodium and potassium with BMI, waist circumference (WC), and body fat and to determine whether the nativity and/or duration of United States (US) residence modified these associations. Methods: Sodium and potassium were derived from 24-hour diet recalls from 16,156 US participants of the 2008 to 2011 Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) and from 24-hour urine in 447 HCHS/SOL participants. BMI, WC, and body fat were measured. Results: Dietary sodium that was 500 mg/d higher was cross-sectionally associated with a 0.07-kg/m2 higher BMI (P < 0.05) and a 0.18-cm larger WC (P = 0.04). Dietary potassium that was 500 mg/d higher was only associated with lower BMI and smaller WC among those who were foreign-born with 10 + years in the US (−0.13 kg/m2, P < 0.01 and −0.36 cm, P = 0.01, respectively) and among those who were US-born (−0.62 kg/m2, P < 0.01 and −1.42 cm, P < 0.01, respectively). Urinary sodium that was 500 mg/d higher was associated with a 0.27-kg/m2 higher BMI (P < 0.01) and 0.54 kg more body fat (P < 0.01). Conclusions: Sodium intake was associated with higher BMI, WC, and body fat. Potassium intake was associated with lower BMI and smaller WC among US-born participants and participants with a longer duration of US residence.

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