Associations between sleep, obesity, and asthma in urban minority children

Laura A. Conrad, Kiran Nandalike, Seema Rani, Deepa Rastogi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Although obesity, asthma, and sleep-disordered breathing are interrelated, there is limited understanding of the independent contributions of body-mass index and pulmonary function on polysomnography in children with asthma. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review on 448 7- to 18-year-old children with asthma who had undergone polysomnography testing between 1/2007-12/2011 to elucidate the association between spirometry variables, body-mass index, and polysomnography parameters, adjusting for asthma and antiallergic medications. RESULTS: Obese children had poorer sleep architecture and more severe gas exchange abnormalities compared to healthy weight children. Multivariate analysis revealed an independent association of body-mass index with sleep efficiency, with more light and less deep sleep in both obese and healthy-weight children, and with baseline oxygen saturation and oxygen nadir in obese children. In obese children, forced vital capacity was independently associated with less deep sleep (time in N3 sleep) as well as with oxygen nadir, while among healthy-weight children, forced expiratory volume directly correlated but forced vital capacity inversely correlated with deep sleep. In obese children, inhaled corticosteroid was associated with baseline oxygen saturation, and montelukast was associated with lower end-tidal carbon dioxide. In healthy-weight children, inhaled corticosteroid was associated with arousal awakening index, and montelukast was associated with light sleep. Antiallergic medications were not independently associated with polysomnography parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Pulmonary function, body-mass index, and asthma medications have independent and differing influences on sleep architecture and gas exchange polysomnography parameters in obese and healthy-weight children with asthma. Asthma medications are associated with improved gas exchange in obese children and improved sleep architecture in healthy-weight children with asthma. CITATION: Conrad LA, Nandalike K, Rani S, Rastogi D. Associations between sleep, obesity, and asthma in urban minority children. J Clin Sleep Med. 2022;18(10):2377-2385.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2377-2385
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Sleep Medicine
Volume18
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2022

Keywords

  • asthma
  • lung function
  • obesity
  • polysomnography
  • sleep-disordered breathing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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