Background and objectivesDespite advances in therapy, HIV-infected individuals remain at higher risk for kidney dysfunction than uninfected individuals. It was hypothesized that urine levels ofα1-microglobulin, a biomarker of proximal tubular dysfunction, would predict kidney function decline and mortality risk in HIV-infected and uninfected women. Design, setting, participants, & measurementsIn the Women’s Interagency HIV Study, urineα1-microglobulin and creatinine concentrations were measured in 903 HIV-infected and 287 uninfected women using stored urine from 1999 to 2000, when prevalence of tenofovir use was <1%. Participants were categorized into three categories by level ofα1-microglobulin–to-creatinine ratio, and associations with kidney decline and all-cause mortality over 8 years were evaluated. ResultsUrineα1-microglobulin was detectable in 60% of HIV-infected and 40% of uninfected women (P<0.001). Among HIV-infected women, there were 177 (22%), 61 (7%), and 128 (14%) patients with incident CKD, with 10% annual eGFR decline, and who died, respectively. Compared with HIV-infected women in the lowestα1-microglobulin category, HIV-infected women in the highestα1-microglobulin category had a 2.1-fold risk of incident CKD (95% confidence interval, 1.3 to 3.4), 2.7-fold risk of 10% annual eGFR decline (95% confidence interval, 1.2 to 5.9), and 1.6-fold mortality risk (95% confidence interval, 1.0 to 2.6) in models adjusting for kidney risk factors, baseline eGFR, and albuminuria. Among uninfected women, the highestα1-microglobulin category was associated with 3% (relative risk, 2.2; 95% confidence interval, 1.4 to 3.5) and 5% (relative risk, 2.2; 95% confidence interval, 1.1 to 4.3) annual eGFR decline relative to the lowestα1-microglobulin category ConclusionsProximal tubular dysfunction, indicated by urineα1-microglobulin, was independently associated with kidney function decline in HIV-infected and uninfected women and mortality risk among HIV-infected women.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2015|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine