Association of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption with Prediabetes and Glucose Metabolism Markers in Hispanic/Latino Adults in the United States: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

Jee Young Moon, Simin Hua, Qibin Qi, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Josiemer Mattei, Sarah S. Casagrande, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Anna María Siega-Riz, Linda C. Gallo, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Robert C. Kaplan, Leonor Corsino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Both the incidence of diabetes mellitus and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages are high in the Hispanic/Latino population in the United States. The associations between consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, artificially sweetened beverages, and 100% fruit juice with prediabetes and glucose metabolism markers in the diverse Hispanic/Latino population in the United States are unknown. Objectives: The objective of this study was to examine the cross-sectional associations between consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, artificially sweetened beverages, and 100% fruit juice with prediabetes and glucose metabolism markers such as fasting glucose and insulin, 2-h oral-glucose-tolerance test, HOMA-IR, HOMA index for β-cell function (HOMA-B), and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) among US Hispanic/Latino adults. Methods: Using baseline data from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (2008-2011), beverage consumption was ascertained using two 24-h dietary recalls and a food propensity questionnaire. Diabetes/prediabetes status was defined by self-report, antihyperglycemic medication use, and American Diabetes Association laboratory criteria. Among 9965 individuals without diabetes (5194 normoglycemia, 4771 prediabetes) aged 18-74 y, the associations of beverage consumption with prediabetes and glucose metabolism markers were analyzed using logistic and linear regressions, respectively, accounting for complex survey design. Results: Compared with individuals who consumed <1 serving/d (<240 mL/d) of sugar-sweetened beverages, individuals who consumed >2 servings/d (>480 mL/d) had 1.3 times greater odds of having prediabetes (95% CI: 1.06, 1.61) and higher glucose metabolism markers including fasting glucose, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, and HbA1c. Consumption of artificially sweetened beverages showed an inverse association with β-cell function (HOMA-B). Intake of 100% fruit juice was not significantly associated with prediabetes nor with glucose metabolism markers. Conclusions: Among US Hispanic/Latino adults, higher sugar-sweetened beverage consumption was associated with increased odds of prediabetes and higher glucose metabolism markers. Public health initiatives to decrease sugar-sweetened beverage consumption could potentially reduce the burden of diabetes among Hispanics/Latinos in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235-245
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume152
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

Keywords

  • 100% fruit juice
  • US Hispanics/Latinos
  • artificially sweetened beverage
  • glucose metabolism marker
  • prediabetes
  • sugar-sweetened beverage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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