Association of cardiovascular risk factors between Hispanic/Latino parents and youth: the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latino Youth

Mercedes R. Carnethon, Guadalupe X. Ayala, Shrikant I. Bangdiwala, Virginia Bishop, Martha L. Daviglus, Alan M. Delamater, Linda C. Gallo, Krista Perreira, Elizabeth Pulgaron, Samantha Reina, Gregory A. Talavera, Linda H. Van Horn, Carmen R. Isasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose Hispanic/Latinos have a high burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors which may begin at young ages. We tested the association of CVD risk factors between Hispanic/Latino parents and their children. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Youth study. Girls (n = 674) and boys (n = 667) aged 8 to 16 years (mean age 12.1 years) and their parents (n = 942) had their CVD risk factors measured. Results CVD risk factors in parents were significantly positively associated with those same risk factors among youth. After adjustment for demographic characteristics, diet and physical activity, obese parents were significantly more likely to have youth who were overweight (odds ratios [ORs], 2.39; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.20–4.76) or obese (OR, 6.16; 95% CI, 3.23–11.77) versus normal weight. Dyslipidemia among parents was associated with 1.98 higher odds of dyslipidemia among youth (95% CI, 1.37–2.87). Neither hypertension nor diabetes was associated with higher odds of high blood pressure or hyperglycemia (prediabetes or diabetes) in youth. Findings were consistent by sex and in younger (age <12 years) versus older (≥12 years) youth. Conclusions Hispanic/Latino youth share patterns of obesity and CVD risk factors with their parents, which portends high risk for adult CVD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)260-268.e2
JournalAnnals of Epidemiology
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2017

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Children and adolescents
  • Epidemiology
  • Race/ethnicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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    Carnethon, M. R., Ayala, G. X., Bangdiwala, S. I., Bishop, V., Daviglus, M. L., Delamater, A. M., Gallo, L. C., Perreira, K., Pulgaron, E., Reina, S., Talavera, G. A., Van Horn, L. H., & Isasi, C. R. (2017). Association of cardiovascular risk factors between Hispanic/Latino parents and youth: the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latino Youth. Annals of Epidemiology, 27(4), 260-268.e2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2017.03.001