Association of anti-thyroid antibodies with radiographic knee osteoarthritis and chondrocalcinosis: a NHANES III study

Clement E. Tagoe, Wanyi Wang, Shudan Wang, Kamil E. Barbour

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To examine the relationships between radiographic knee osteoarthritis (RKOA), symptomatic radiographic knee osteoarthritis (sRKOA), and chondrocalcinosis, as outcome variables, and the autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) autoantibodies, anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) and anti-thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb), in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) data source. Methods: NHANES III provided data on 2291 persons over the age of 60 years that included the osteoarthritis variables of interest RKOA, sRKOA and chondrocalcinosis, and the thyroid autoantibodies TPOAb and TgAb. A log-binomial regression model was fit to examine the relationships between anti-thyroid autoantibodies and RKOA. Modified Poisson regression models were employed for the thyroid autoantibodies compared to sRKOA and chondrocalcinosis. Results: Patients with higher levels of TPOAb were more likely to have chondrocalcinosis [prevalence ratio (PR) 1.247, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.051, 1.479, p = 0.012]. A piecewise regression analysis indicated that this relationship between TPOAb and chondrocalcinosis was only observed when TPOAb was above 35 IU/ml (PR 1.482, 95% CI 1.233, 1.781, p < 0.001). Levels equal to or below 35 IU/ml were not associated with chondrocalcinosis. TPOAb was not associated with RKOA or sRKOA, and TgAb was not significantly related to any of the outcomes. Conclusion: There was no association of AITD autoantibodies TPOAb and TgAb with RKOA or sRKOA. However, there may be an association of TPOAb with the presence of chondrocalcinosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalTherapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease
Volume13
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • autoimmune thyroid disease
  • chondrocalcinosis
  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
  • osteoarthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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