Background Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a risk factor for ischemic stroke and congestive heart failure. AF may cause left atrial (LA) dyssynchrony as well as electrical and mechanical remodeling. The aim of this study was to investigate LA dyssynchrony in patients with paroxysmal AF (PAF) and its recovery after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI), using a three-dimensional strain method.
Methods Thirty patients with PAF who underwent PVI were enrolled. Three-dimensional echocardiography was performed before and 3 months after PVI. Twenty subjects in whom AF had never been detected served as controls. LA dyssynchrony was quantified by the standard deviation of time to peak strain (TP-SD) from end-diastole by area tracking. Serial changes in TP-SD, LA volume, and global strain in three-dimensional echocardiography were investigated.
Conclusions In patients with PAF, impaired LA function was documented by three-dimensional echocardiography. Despite early LA structural reverse remodeling, LA dyssynchrony was still observed 3 months after PVI. These results may affect medical therapy after successful PVI.
Results In the PAF group, TP-SD was significantly higher (9.19 ± 4.98% vs 4.80 ± 2.30% in controls, P <.02) and global strain significantly lower (48.2 ± 20.2% vs 84.4 ± 32.9% in controls, P =.0003) than in the control group. TP-SD, global strain, and LA volume all improved significantly from before to after PVI (TP-SD, from 9.19 ± 4.98% to 6.31 ± 2.94%, P =.005; global strain, from 48.2 ± 20.2% to 58.1 ± 21.2%, P =.018; LA volume index, 29.5 ± 10.6 to 25.8 ± 7.1 mL/m2, P =.04). Despite the improvement after PVI, TP-SD was still significantly higher and global strain lower than in controls.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography|
|State||Published - Nov 1 2014|
- Atrial fibrillation
- Left atrium
- Three-dimensional echocardiography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine