Arsenic

E. J. Martinez-Finley, L. G. Costa, Y. Finkelstein, M. Aschner

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Arsenic (As) is a naturally occurring metalloid and one of the most common environmental contaminants. It is found in water, air, and food, with its highest accumulation in water; a frequent source of human exposure to inorganic arsenic is from groundwater contamination. Arsenic has several oxidation states. Of greatest toxicologic importance are inorganic arsenite (AsIII) and arsenate (AsV). Arsenic can adversely affect the neurological, cardiovascular, integumentary, digestive, endocrine, and pulmonary systems and leads to significant health problems. This overview critically examines the existing literature on As exposure and its health effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages272-274
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9780123851574
ISBN (Print)9780123851581
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Arsenate
  • Arsenic
  • Arsenite
  • Axonopathy
  • Carcinogenesis
  • Cognitive function decline
  • Drinking water
  • Metal
  • Methylation
  • Neurotoxicology
  • Toxicant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Martinez-Finley, E. J., Costa, L. G., Finkelstein, Y., & Aschner, M. (2014). Arsenic. In Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences (pp. 272-274). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-385157-4.00252-9