Approach to colon pathologies

Devaraju Kanmaniraja, Courtney Coursey Moreno, Ricardo D. Moreno, Shetal N. Shah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter begins with a review of colonic anatomy and embryology followed by a discussion of CT protocols used for evaluating the colon. Differential diagnostic considerations are presented for colonic wall thickening, colonic masses, and colonic dilatation. Causes of colonic wall thickening are described including inflammatory bowel disease, infectious colitis, colopathy secondary of portal hypertension, typhlitis, diverticulitis, ischemic colitis, radiation colitis, graft versus host disease, and trauma with key imaging features provided for each entity. Imaging findings of colonic masses including adenocarcinoma, lymphoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, and lipoma are reviewed. Causes of colonic dilatation including obstruction, ileus, volvulus, Hirschsprung’s disease, and toxic megacolon are discussed along with key imaging features for each entity. The chapter concludes with a discussion of colonic vascular abnormalities including angiodysplasia and hemangioma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCross-Sectional Imaging of the Abdomen and Pelvis
Subtitle of host publicationA Practical Algorithmic Approach
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages369-401
Number of pages33
ISBN (Electronic)9781493918843
ISBN (Print)9781493918836
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Colitis
  • Colon
  • Computed tomography
  • Obstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Kanmaniraja, D., Moreno, C. C., Moreno, R. D., & Shah, S. N. (2015). Approach to colon pathologies. In Cross-Sectional Imaging of the Abdomen and Pelvis: A Practical Algorithmic Approach (pp. 369-401). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-1884-3_12