Approach to Cancer-Associated Thrombosis: Challenging Situations and Knowledge Gaps

Tzu Fei Wang, Henny H. Billett, Jean M. Connors, Gerald A. Soff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Malignancy is a significant risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE). It is estimated that up to 20% of patients with cancer may develop VTE at some time in their cancer journey. Cancer-associated VTE can lead to hospitalizations, morbidity, delayed cancer treatment, and mortality. The optimal prevention and management of cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT) is of utmost importance. Direct oral anticoagulants have been recommended as first-line therapy for VTE treatment in the general population and their efficacy has recently been demonstrated in the cancer population, leading to increased use. However, patients with cancer have unique challenges and comorbidities that can lead to increased risks and concerns with anticoagulation. Herein we will discuss commonly encountered challenges in patients with CAT, review available literature, and provide practice suggestions. Implications for Practice: This article aims to specifically address cancer-associated thrombosis issues for which there is limited or absent evidence to guide best practice, for circumstances that pose unique challenges for clinicians, and for directions when the literature is conflicting. It reviews pertinent data for each selected topic and provides guidance for patient management based on the best available evidence and experiences from the panel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e17-e23
JournalOncologist
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Cancer-associated thrombosis
  • Malignancy
  • Venous thromboembolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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