Appraisal and patient-reported outcomes following total hip arthroplasty: a longitudinal cohort study

Carolyn E. Schwartz, Bruce D. Rapkin, Jhase Sniderman, Joel A. Finkelstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a successful procedure that provides pain relief, restores function, and improves quality of life (QOL) for patients with advanced arthritis in their hip joint. To date, little research has examined the role of cognitive appraisal processes in THA outcomes. This study examined the role of cognitive appraisal processes in THA outcomes in the first year post-surgery. Methods: This longitudinal cohort study collected data at pre-surgery, 6 weeks post-surgery, 3 months post-surgery, and 12 months post-surgery. Adults (n = 189) with a primary diagnosis of osteoarthritis were consecutively recruited from an active THA practice at a Canadian academic teaching hospital. Measures included the Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS), the Mental Component Score (MCS) of the Rand-36, and the Brief Appraisal Inventory (BAI). Analysis of Variance examined the association between BAI items and the HOOS or MCS scores. Random effects models investigated appraisal main effects and appraisal-by-time interactions for selected BAI items. Results: HOOS showed great improvement over the first 12 months after THA, and was mitigated by three appraisal processes in particular: focusing on problems with healthcare or living situation, and preparing one’s family for health changes. MCS was stable and low over time, and the following appraisal processes were implicated by very large effect sizes: not comparing themselves to healthier people, focusing on money problems, preparing their family for their health changes, or trying to shed responsibilities. Conclusions: Appraisal processes are relevant to health outcomes after THA, with different processes coming into play at different points in the recovery trajectory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number93
JournalJournal of Patient-Reported Outcomes
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Cognitive appraisal
  • Mental-health functioning
  • Physical functioning
  • Quality of life
  • Total hip arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management

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