Applying stigma theory to epilepsy

A test of a conceptual model

Lauren E. Westbrook, Laurie J. Bauman, Shlomo Shinnar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tested a theoretical model that sought to explain the association of stigma to self-esteem among adolescents with epilepsy. The model depicted hypothesized relationships among several characteristics of epilepsy (seizure type, seizure frequency, and duration of epilepsy), perceived stigma, management of disclosure, and self-esteem. Subjects were 64 adolescents 12 to 20 years old with idiopathic epilepsy. In a hierarchical multiple regression analysis, variables were entered into the equation in the order specified a priori by the model. Results showed that the data supported some hypotheses tested in the model: (a) Seizure type and seizure frequency predicted low self-esteem, and (b) the belief that epilepsy is stigmatizing predicted low self-esteem. However, several relationships of major theoretical significance were not realized. Explanations for why some aspects of stigma theory were not supported by the data are offered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)633-649
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Pediatric Psychology
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1992

Fingerprint

Epilepsy
Conceptual Model
Self Concept
Seizures
Regression analysis
Disclosure
Multiple Regression
Regression Analysis
Theoretical Model
Low Frequency
Theoretical Models
Stigma
Conceptual model
Model
Self-esteem

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Epilepsy
  • Self-esteem
  • Stigma theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Biotechnology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Applying stigma theory to epilepsy : A test of a conceptual model. / Westbrook, Lauren E.; Bauman, Laurie J.; Shinnar, Shlomo.

In: Journal of Pediatric Psychology, Vol. 17, No. 5, 10.1992, p. 633-649.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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