APOE Alleles and extreme human longevity

Paola Sebastiani, Anastasia Gurinovich, Marianne Nygaard, Takashi Sasaki, Benjamin Sweigart, Harold Bae, Stacy L. Andersen, Francesco Villa, Gil Atzmon, Kaare Christensen, Yasumichi Arai, Nir Barzilai, Annibale Puca, Lene Christiansen, Nobuyoshi Hirose, Thomas T. Perls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


We assembled a collection of 28,297 participants from seven studies of longevity and healthy aging comprising New England Centenarian, Long Life Family, Longevity Gene Population, Southern Italian Centenarian, Japanese Centenarian, the Danish Longevity, and the Health and Retirement Studies to investigate the association between the APOE alleles ϵ 2 ϵ 3 and ϵ 4 and extreme human longevity and age at death. By using three different genetic models and two definitions of extreme longevity based on either a threshold model or age at death, we show that ϵ 4 is associated with a substantially decreased odds for extreme longevity, and increased risk for death that persists even beyond ages reached by less than 1% of the population. We also show that carrying the ϵ 2 ϵ 2 or ϵ 2 ϵ 3 genotype is associated with significantly increased odds to reach extreme longevity, with decreased risk for death compared with carrying the genotype ϵ 3 ϵ 3 but with only a modest reduction in risk for death beyond an age reached by less than 1% of the population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-51
Number of pages8
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019


  • APOE
  • Extreme human longevity
  • Genetic association
  • Survival distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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