Anxious-depression among Hispanic/Latinos from different backgrounds

results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

Álvaro Camacho, Patricia Gonzalez, Christina Buelna, Kristen T. Emory, Gregory A. Talavera, Sheila F. Castañeda, Rebeca A. Espinoza, Annie G. Howard, Krista M. Perreira, Carmen R. Isasi, Martha L. Daviglus, Scott C. Roesch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Anxious-depression is a constellation of symptoms, frequently encountered among patients in primary care centers. There is a need to study how anxious-depression presents among Hispanic/Latinos of different backgrounds. Objective: To study the construct of anxious-depression among 16,064 Hispanic/Latinos of different backgrounds participating in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. We hypothesized that Hispanic/Latinos will cluster in 3 classes: low anxiety/high depression, high anxiety/low depression and a combined anxious-depression construct. Methods: Using latent profile analysis, symptoms of depression and anxiety measured by the 10-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale and 10-item State-Trait Anxiety Inventory were evaluated to determine if an anxious-depression typology would result. A multinomial logistic regression analysis explored the association of the 3-class solution with different Hispanic/Latino backgrounds controlling for age, gender, language, education and income. Results: A 3-class mixed anxious-depression structure emerged with 10 % of Hispanic/Latinos in the high, 30 % in the moderate and 60 % in the low anxious-depression category. After adjusting for age, gender, language preference, income and education, individuals of Puerto Rican background were more likely to experience high (OR = 1.79, p 

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1669-1677
Number of pages9
JournalSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Volume50
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 12 2015

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Hispanic Americans
Depression
Health
health
community
Anxiety
anxiety
Language
income
Education
lower class
language education
gender
typology
regression analysis
Epidemiologic Studies
Primary Health Care
logistics
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Anxious-depression
  • Epidemiology
  • Hispanic/Latinos
  • Latent profile analyses
  • Psychiatric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Epidemiology
  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Anxious-depression among Hispanic/Latinos from different backgrounds : results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). / Camacho, Álvaro; Gonzalez, Patricia; Buelna, Christina; Emory, Kristen T.; Talavera, Gregory A.; Castañeda, Sheila F.; Espinoza, Rebeca A.; Howard, Annie G.; Perreira, Krista M.; Isasi, Carmen R.; Daviglus, Martha L.; Roesch, Scott C.

In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, Vol. 50, No. 11, 12.09.2015, p. 1669-1677.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Camacho, Á, Gonzalez, P, Buelna, C, Emory, KT, Talavera, GA, Castañeda, SF, Espinoza, RA, Howard, AG, Perreira, KM, Isasi, CR, Daviglus, ML & Roesch, SC 2015, 'Anxious-depression among Hispanic/Latinos from different backgrounds: results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)', Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, vol. 50, no. 11, pp. 1669-1677. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-015-1120-4
Camacho, Álvaro ; Gonzalez, Patricia ; Buelna, Christina ; Emory, Kristen T. ; Talavera, Gregory A. ; Castañeda, Sheila F. ; Espinoza, Rebeca A. ; Howard, Annie G. ; Perreira, Krista M. ; Isasi, Carmen R. ; Daviglus, Martha L. ; Roesch, Scott C. / Anxious-depression among Hispanic/Latinos from different backgrounds : results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 2015 ; Vol. 50, No. 11. pp. 1669-1677.
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abstract = "Background: Anxious-depression is a constellation of symptoms, frequently encountered among patients in primary care centers. There is a need to study how anxious-depression presents among Hispanic/Latinos of different backgrounds. Objective: To study the construct of anxious-depression among 16,064 Hispanic/Latinos of different backgrounds participating in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. We hypothesized that Hispanic/Latinos will cluster in 3 classes: low anxiety/high depression, high anxiety/low depression and a combined anxious-depression construct. Methods: Using latent profile analysis, symptoms of depression and anxiety measured by the 10-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale and 10-item State-Trait Anxiety Inventory were evaluated to determine if an anxious-depression typology would result. A multinomial logistic regression analysis explored the association of the 3-class solution with different Hispanic/Latino backgrounds controlling for age, gender, language, education and income. Results: A 3-class mixed anxious-depression structure emerged with 10 {\%} of Hispanic/Latinos in the high, 30 {\%} in the moderate and 60 {\%} in the low anxious-depression category. After adjusting for age, gender, language preference, income and education, individuals of Puerto Rican background were more likely to experience high (OR = 1.79, p ",
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AU - Gonzalez, Patricia

AU - Buelna, Christina

AU - Emory, Kristen T.

AU - Talavera, Gregory A.

AU - Castañeda, Sheila F.

AU - Espinoza, Rebeca A.

AU - Howard, Annie G.

AU - Perreira, Krista M.

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AU - Daviglus, Martha L.

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