Anxiety and depression

Discrete diagnostic entities?

Michael R. Liebowitz, Eric Hollander, Franklin Schneier, Raphael Campeas, Brian Fallon, Lawrence Welkowitz, Marylene Cloitre, Sharon Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Some forms of anxiety and affective disorder, such as panic disorder and major depression, appear distinct, while other forms, such as generalized anxiety disorder and chronic depression or dysthymia, may lie on a continuum and blend with each other. However, even panic disorder and major depression have many common features. Moreover, for reasons not yet clear, they occur together frequently, and their combined occurrence in the same patient has been associated with greater severity and chronicity, decreased treatment responsiveness, and, possibly, increased familial prevalence of anxiety and/or depression. Finally, studies of primary care patients suggest the frequent occurrence of a mixed anxiety-depressive disorder that may often be subsyndromal by DSM-III-R criteria but is nevertheless associated with prominent distress and/or impairment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61S-66S
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
Volume10
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Anxiety
Anxiety Disorders
Depression
Panic Disorder
Depressive Disorder
Mood Disorders
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Primary Health Care
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

Cite this

Liebowitz, M. R., Hollander, E., Schneier, F., Campeas, R., Fallon, B., Welkowitz, L., ... Davies, S. (1990). Anxiety and depression: Discrete diagnostic entities? Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, 10(3), 61S-66S.

Anxiety and depression : Discrete diagnostic entities? / Liebowitz, Michael R.; Hollander, Eric; Schneier, Franklin; Campeas, Raphael; Fallon, Brian; Welkowitz, Lawrence; Cloitre, Marylene; Davies, Sharon.

In: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, Vol. 10, No. 3, 1990, p. 61S-66S.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liebowitz, MR, Hollander, E, Schneier, F, Campeas, R, Fallon, B, Welkowitz, L, Cloitre, M & Davies, S 1990, 'Anxiety and depression: Discrete diagnostic entities?', Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 61S-66S.
Liebowitz MR, Hollander E, Schneier F, Campeas R, Fallon B, Welkowitz L et al. Anxiety and depression: Discrete diagnostic entities? Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology. 1990;10(3):61S-66S.
Liebowitz, Michael R. ; Hollander, Eric ; Schneier, Franklin ; Campeas, Raphael ; Fallon, Brian ; Welkowitz, Lawrence ; Cloitre, Marylene ; Davies, Sharon. / Anxiety and depression : Discrete diagnostic entities?. In: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology. 1990 ; Vol. 10, No. 3. pp. 61S-66S.
@article{25009c05acf34136a2b0ce67eb113187,
title = "Anxiety and depression: Discrete diagnostic entities?",
abstract = "Some forms of anxiety and affective disorder, such as panic disorder and major depression, appear distinct, while other forms, such as generalized anxiety disorder and chronic depression or dysthymia, may lie on a continuum and blend with each other. However, even panic disorder and major depression have many common features. Moreover, for reasons not yet clear, they occur together frequently, and their combined occurrence in the same patient has been associated with greater severity and chronicity, decreased treatment responsiveness, and, possibly, increased familial prevalence of anxiety and/or depression. Finally, studies of primary care patients suggest the frequent occurrence of a mixed anxiety-depressive disorder that may often be subsyndromal by DSM-III-R criteria but is nevertheless associated with prominent distress and/or impairment.",
author = "Liebowitz, {Michael R.} and Eric Hollander and Franklin Schneier and Raphael Campeas and Brian Fallon and Lawrence Welkowitz and Marylene Cloitre and Sharon Davies",
year = "1990",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
pages = "61S--66S",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology",
issn = "0271-0749",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Anxiety and depression

T2 - Discrete diagnostic entities?

AU - Liebowitz, Michael R.

AU - Hollander, Eric

AU - Schneier, Franklin

AU - Campeas, Raphael

AU - Fallon, Brian

AU - Welkowitz, Lawrence

AU - Cloitre, Marylene

AU - Davies, Sharon

PY - 1990

Y1 - 1990

N2 - Some forms of anxiety and affective disorder, such as panic disorder and major depression, appear distinct, while other forms, such as generalized anxiety disorder and chronic depression or dysthymia, may lie on a continuum and blend with each other. However, even panic disorder and major depression have many common features. Moreover, for reasons not yet clear, they occur together frequently, and their combined occurrence in the same patient has been associated with greater severity and chronicity, decreased treatment responsiveness, and, possibly, increased familial prevalence of anxiety and/or depression. Finally, studies of primary care patients suggest the frequent occurrence of a mixed anxiety-depressive disorder that may often be subsyndromal by DSM-III-R criteria but is nevertheless associated with prominent distress and/or impairment.

AB - Some forms of anxiety and affective disorder, such as panic disorder and major depression, appear distinct, while other forms, such as generalized anxiety disorder and chronic depression or dysthymia, may lie on a continuum and blend with each other. However, even panic disorder and major depression have many common features. Moreover, for reasons not yet clear, they occur together frequently, and their combined occurrence in the same patient has been associated with greater severity and chronicity, decreased treatment responsiveness, and, possibly, increased familial prevalence of anxiety and/or depression. Finally, studies of primary care patients suggest the frequent occurrence of a mixed anxiety-depressive disorder that may often be subsyndromal by DSM-III-R criteria but is nevertheless associated with prominent distress and/or impairment.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025311764&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025311764&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 10

SP - 61S-66S

JO - Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology

JF - Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology

SN - 0271-0749

IS - 3

ER -