Antitussive effect of the GABA-agonist baclofen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a central inhibitory neurotransmitter that also exists in peripheral tissues, including the lung. The GABA-agonist baclofen has been shown, in animal studies, to inhibit cough via a central mechanism, but has not been investigated in humans (to our knowledge). Study objective: To evaluate the antitussive effect of baclofen in norma human subjects. Design: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Setting: Academic medical center. Participants: Twenty healthy, adult volunteers. Interventions: Subjects underwent cough challenge with inhaled capsaicin before and after a 14-day course of baclofen, 10 mg three times daily, or placebo. Capsaicin cough threshold (C5) was defined as the concentration of inhaled capsaicin inducing five or more coughs. Results: Subjects receiving baclofen (n=10) demonstrated a significant elevation of capsaicin cough threshold compared with placebo subjects (n=10). Mean Δlog C5 after treatment was 0.48±0.19 (SEM) for the baclofen group, and - 0.06±0.12 for the placebo group (p=0.024). Six of 10 subjects receiving baclofen, but none of the 10 subjects receiving placebo, demonstrated a fourfold or greater increase in capsaicin cough threshold (p=0.0054). Conclusion: The antitussive activity of low-dose, oral baclofen demonstrated in this study supports further investigation of this drug, or other GABA- agonists, for a potential therapeutic role in the treatment of pathologic cough.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)996-999
Number of pages4
JournalChest
Volume111
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

Keywords

  • GABA
  • baclofen
  • capsaicin
  • cough

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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